Continuous monitoring of respiration rate is especially important for post-surgical patients receiving patient-controlled analgesia for pain management. The Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation (APSF) and The Joint Commission recommend continuous oxygenation and ventilation monitoring for all patients receiving opioid-based pain medications.1,2 Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients (neonates) need continuous monitoring of vital signs such as respiration rate without causing discomfort or irritation.3 Respiratory conditions are the most common reason for admission to a neonatal unit in both term and preterm infants.4 Respiratory rate (RR) is one of the most sensitive markers of patient condition and a core aspect of multiple clinical assessment tools.5
15 out of 40 pediatric patients removed the nasal cannula while only one removed the rainbow® acoustic sensor.
In a study of 40 pediatric patients (12 months to 18 years of age) undergoing post-anesthesia care, in which researchers compared acoustic respiration rate monitoring using RRa to nasal capnography, impedance pneumography, and a reference method (counting breaths), researchers found that the difference in bias and precision between RRa and capnography was not significant, but that 97.5% of the patients (39) demonstrated good tolerance of the acoustic sensor, whereas 62.5% (25) demonstrated good tolerance of the nasal cannula. The researchers concluded, “Continuous respiration rate measurement from noninvasive, acoustic monitoring showed good agreement with nasal capnography, but was much better tolerated in post-surgical pediatric patients. Acoustic monitoring has the potential to increase the safety of pediatric patients by providing a reliable and accurate method for the continuous monitoring of respiration rate.”6
For All Patient Populations - Adult, Pediatric, Infant, and Neonatal
Adult -- Small size with thin, flexible adhesive allows for comfortable application on patients with smaller necks or fragile skin
Infant/Neonatal -- Small size with a chest application site away from the face allows for continuous respiratory rate monitoring without interfering with daily care activities, such as feeding, holding, bathing, and supine positioning
Adult/ Pediatric -- Breathable cloth allows air to penetrate tape for enhanced adhesion on adult and pediatric patients, including diaphoretic patients
Explore the rainbow Acoustic Monitoring line of Sensors and Cables
Stoelting RK et al. APSF Newsletter. 2011.(www.apsf.org).
The Joint Commission Sentinel Event Alert. Issue 49, August 8, 2012. http://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/SEA_49_opioids_8_2_12_final.pdf.
Abbas et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine. 2011, 10:93.
Pramanik AK et al. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2015; 62: 453 -469.
Keir et al. J Clin Monit Comput. (2015) 29:455 -460. DOI 10.1007/s10877-014-9621-3.
Patino M et al. Pediatric Anesthesia. 2013, no. 12: 1166-1173.
*The use of the trademark PATIENT SAFETYNET is under license from University HealthSystem Consortium.
Caution: Federal (USA) law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician. See instructions for use for full prescribing information, including indications, contraindications, warnings, and precautions.
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