Clinical Evidence - Pleth Variability Index (PVI®)

Featured Clinical Studies:

Implementing an Health System Wide Enhanced Recovery Program for Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery - The Anesthesiologists
Colquhoun D., Turrentine F., Rea K., Friel C. American Society of Anesthesiologists 2014; A2010.
   
Pleth Variability Index-Directed Fluid Management in Abdominal Surgery under Combined General and Epidural Anesthesia
Yu Y., Dong J., Xu Z., Shen H., Zheng J. J Clin Monit Comput. 2014 Feb 21.
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Goal-Directed Fluid Management Based on the Pulse Oximeter-Derived Pleth Variability Index Reduces Lactate Levels and Improves Fluid Management
Forget P, Lois F, de Kock M. Anesth Analg. 2010 Oct;111(4):910-4.
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Pleth Variability Index to Monitor the Respiratory Variations in the Pulse Oximeter Plethysmographic Waveform Amplitude and Predict Fluid Responsiveness in the Operating Theatre
Cannesson M., Desebbe O., Rosamel P., Delannoy B., Robin J., Bastien O., Lehot J.J. Br J Anaesth. 2008 Aug;101(2):200-6.
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Pleth Variability Index Predicts Fluid Responsiveness in Critically Ill Patients
Loupec T., Nanadoumgar H., Frasca D., Petitpas F., Laksiri L., Baudouin D., Debaene B., Dahyot-Fizelier C., Mimoz O. Crit Care Med. 2011 Feb;39(2):294-9.
 
Accuracy of Stroke Volume Variation Compared with Pleth Variability Index to Predict Fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Patients Undergoing Major Surgery
Zimmermann M., Feibicke T., Keyl C., Prasser C., Moritz S., Graf B.M., Wiesenack C. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2010 Jun;27(6):555-61.
 
Stroke Volume Variation and Pleth Variability Index to Predict Fluid Responsiveness during Resection of Primary Retroperitoneal Tumors in Hans Chinese
Fu Q., Mi W.D., Zhang H. Biosci Trends. 2012 Feb;6(1):38-43.
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Prediction of Volume Responsiveness using Pleth Variability Index in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery after Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Haas S., Trepte C., Hinteregger M., Fahje R., Sill B., Herich L., Reuter D.A. J Anesth. 2012 Oct;26(5):696-701.
 
Prediction of fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Children Undergoing Neurosurgery
Byon H.J., Lim C.W., Lee J.H., Park Y. H., Kim H.S., Kim C.S., Kim J.T. Br. J. Anaesth 2013 Apr;110(4):586-91.
 
Plethysmographic Variation Index Predicts Fluid Responsiveness in Ventilated Patients in the Early Phase of Septic Shock in the Emergency Department: A Pilot Study
Feissel M., Kalakhy R., Banwarth P., Badie J., Pavon A., Faller J.P., Quenot JP. J Crit Care. 2013 May 14.
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Full Citation List of All Available Studies:*

Changes in pleth variability index and detection of hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section.
Wrench I, Hammon L, Handa S, Mahajan R. Int Jobstet Anesth. 2015 Jul 10. Pii: S0959-289X(15)00108-9. Doi: 10.1016/j.ijoa.2015.07.001. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26357933.
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Pleth variability index and fluid responsiveness of hemodynamically stable patients after cardiothoracic surgery.
Maughan BC, Seigel TA, Napoli AM. Am J Crit Care. 2015 Mar;24(2):172-5. doi: 10.4037/ajcc2015864. PubMed PMID: 25727278.
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The predictive ability of non-invasive haemodynamic parameters for hypotension during caesarean section: a prospective observational study.
Yokose M, Mihara T, Sugawara Y, Goto T. Anaesthesia. 2015 Feb 12. doi: 10.1111/anae.12992. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25676817.
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Standardization of Care: Impact of an Enhanced Recovery Protocol on Length of Stay, Complications, and Direct Costs after Colorectal Surgery
Thiele RH, Rea KM, Turrentine FE, Friel CM, Hassinger TE, Goudreau BJ, Umapathi BA, Kron IL, Sawyer RG, Hedrick TL. Journal of the American College of Surgeons (2015), doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2014.12.042.
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Cephalic versus digital plethysmographic variability index measurement: a comparative pilot study in cardiac surgery patients.
Fischer MO, Pellissier A, Saplacan V, Gérard JL, Hanouz JL, Fellahi JL. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2014 Dec;28(6):1510-5. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.05.003. Epub 2014 Sep 26.
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Reliability of Continuous Non-Invasive Assessment of Hemoglobin and Fluid Responsiveness: Impact of Obesity and Abdominal Insufflation Pressures.
DeBarros M, Causey MW, Chesley P, Martin M. Obes Surg. 2014 Nov 16. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25399349.
pubmed  
Pleth Variability Index Predicts Fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Adults During General Anesthesia for Noncardiac Surgery.
Siswojo AS(1), Wong DM(2), Phan TD(2), Kluger R(2). J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2014 Aug 25. pii: S1053-0770(14)00168-2. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.04.010. [Epub ahead of print]
pubmed  
Role of pleth variability index for predicting hypotension after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section.
Sun S, Huang SQ. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2014 Jun 10. pii: S0959-289X(14)00085-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijoa.2014.05.011. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25262278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
pubmed  
Implementing an Health System Wide Enhanced Recovery Program for Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery - The Anesthesiologists
Colquhoun D., Turrentine F., Rea K., Friel C. American Society of Anesthesiologists 2014; A2010.
   
Assessment of Postoperative Outcomes in Relation to Pleth Variability Index (PVI) Based Goal-Directed Therapy
Cannesson, M., Yang J., Foglesong C., Canales C., Rinehart J. Amercian Society of Anesthesiologists 2014; A1207.
   
PVI Decreases Following a Fluid Bolus Administered in the PACU to Treat Hypotension
Mathews D., Piel A., Friend A., Geib, T. American Society of Anesthesiologists 2014; A1124.
   
Pulse CO-Oximetry - Clinical Impact in the Emergency Department
Exadaktylos A, Braun CT, Ziaka M, Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care (2014), doi: 10.1016/ j.tacc.2014.07.002.
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Prediction of fluid responsiveness with plethysmographic variability index in cardiac surgery patients: a comparison of three anatomical sites
Fischer M.‐O., Bintener T., Gérard J.‐L., Hanouz J.‐L., Fellahi J.‐L. CHU de Caen/Université de Caen Basse‐Normandie, Dept of Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care, Caen, France
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Pleth Variability Index as a Tool for Volume Optimization during Open Abdominal Surgery
Bahlmann H., Hahn R., Nilsson L. EJA 2014 31(e-Supplement 52): 3AP5-5.
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The Effect of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure and Tripled Tidal Volume on Pleth Variability Index during Hypovolaemia in Conscious Subjects: A Volunteer Study.
Nilsson L.M., Lindenberger D.M., Hahn R.G. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013 Nov;30(11):671-7.
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Dynamic Variables and Fluid Responsiveness in Patients for Aortic Stenosis Surgery
Høiseth L.O., Hoff I.E. Hagen O.A., Landsverk S.A., Kirkebøen K.A. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2014 Apr 29.
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Respiratory Variations in Pulse Pressure Reflect Central Hypovolemia during Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation
Hoff I.E., Høiseth L.Ø., Hisdal J., Røislien J., Landsverk S.A., Kirkebøen K.A. Crit Care Res Pract. 2014;2014:712728.
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Goal Directed Fluid Management" Based on Pleth Variability Index or Pulse Pressure Variations during Abdominal Surgery
Delaporte A., Ghoundiwal D., Bidgoli J., Foulon P., Vanderlinden P. Euroanesthesia 2014; Abstract 4AP3-9.
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Prediction of Fluid Responsiveness with Plethysmographic Variability Index in Cardiac Surgery Patients: A Comparison of Three Anatomical Sites
Fischer M..O., Bintener T., Gérard J.-L., Hanouz J.-L., Fellahi J.-L. Euroanesthesia 2014: Abstract 3AP5-4.
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Pleth Variability Index-Directed Fluid Management in Abdominal Surgery under Combined General and Epidural Anesthesia
Yu Y., Dong J., Xu Z., Shen H., Zheng J. J Clin Monit Comput. 2014 Feb 21.
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Efficacy of Dynamic Indices in Predicting Fluid Responsiveness in Patients with Obstructive Jaundice
Pei S., Yuan W., Mai H., Wang M., Hao C., Mi W., Fu Q. Physiol Meas. 2014 Feb 5;35(3):369-382.
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Predicting Fluid Responsiveness in Children: A Systematic Review.
Gan H., Cannesson M., Chandler J.R., Ansermino J.M. Anesth Analg. 2013 Dec;117(6):1380-92
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Intraoperative Pleth Variability Index Predicts Delayed Graft Function
Jazaerli, L., Heshmati N., Collange O., Biermann C., Lejay A., M.D., Muller C., Sauleau E., Mertes P., Steib A. Proceedings of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, October 16, 2013. San Francisco; A2213
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Feasibility of Goal-Directed Fluid Management Based on Monitoring of Pleth Variability Index (PVI)
Canales C, Lee C, Khanh-Van L, Hanacek C, Natalia N, Nguyen C, Le A, Boud R, Rinehart J, Cannesson M. Proceedings of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, October 13, 2013. San Francisco. A2211
   
Effect of Hypercapnia on Pleth Variability Index during Stable Propofol: Remifentanil Anesthesia
Mousa WF. Saudi J Anaesth. 2013 Jul;7(3):234-7.
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Comparison of Stroke Volume and Fluid Responsiveness Measurements in Commonly Used Technologies for Goal-Directed Therapy
Davies S.J., Minhas S., Wilson R.J., Yates D., Howell S.J. J Clin Anesth. 2013 Aug 16
 
Assessment of the Agreement between Photoplethysmographic and Arterial Waveform Respiratory Variation in Patients Undergoing Spine Surgery
Thiele R.H., Colquhoun D.A., Forkin K.T., Durieux M.E. J Med Eng Technol. 2013 Aug 14
 
Prediction Fluid Responsiveness in Laparoscopic Major Abdominal Surgery
Abdouloussen A., Coquin J., Dewitte A., Joannes-Boyau O., Fleureau C., Ouattara A. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013; 30 (Supplement 51)
abstract  
Comparison of Optimised Stroke Volume and Fluid Responsiveness Measurements from Commonly Used Technologies for Perioperative Goal Directed Fluid Therapy
Minhas S., Davies S., Wilson R.J.T., Yates D., Howell S.J. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013; 30 (Supplement 51)
abstract  
Prediction of Fluid Responsiveness Following Conventional Cardiac Surgery: A Comparison between Arterial Pulse Pressure Variation and Plethysmographic Variability Index
Rebet O., Fischer M.-O., Gérard J.-L., Hanouz J.-L., Fellahi J.-L. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013; 30 (Supplement 51)
abstract  
Pre-Anesthetic PVI (Pleth Variability Index) Predicts Hypotension after Spinal Anesthesia during Cesarean Section
Yokose M., Mihara T., Goto T. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013; 30 (Supplement 51)
abstract  
Assessment of the Pleth Variability Index (PVI) to Guide Fluid Therapy during Renal Transplantation
Follin A., Le Guen M., Fischler M. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2013; 30 (Supplement 51)
abstract  
Plethysmographic variability index accuracy in predicting fluid responsiveness in anes children Paed Anesth 2013
Julien F., Hilly J., Sallah T.B., Skhiri A., Michelet D., Brasher C., Varin L., Nivoche Y., Dahmani S. Paediatr Anaesth. 2013 Jun;23(6):536-46.
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The Concept of Titration can be Transposed to Fluid Management but does it Change the Volumes? Randomised Trial on Pleth Variability Index during Fast-Track Colonic Surgery
Forget P., Lois F., Kartheuser A., Leonard D., Remue C., De Kock M. Curr Clin Pharmacol. 2013 May;8(2):110-4.
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Plethysmographic Variation Index Predicts Fluid Responsiveness in Ventilated Patients in the Early Phase of Septic Shock in the Emergency Department: A Pilot Study
Feissel M., Kalakhy R., Banwarth P., Badie J., Pavon A., Faller J.P., Quenot JP. J Crit Care. 2013 May 14.
pubmed  
Respiration Signals from Photoplethysmography
Nilsson L.M. Anesth Analg. 2013 Feb 28
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Comparison of Arterial Pressure and Plethysmographic Waveform-Based Dynamic Preload Variables in Assessing Fluid Responsiveness and Dynamic Arterial Tone in Patients Undergoing Major Hepatic Resection
Vos J.J., Kalmar A.F., Struys M.M.R.F., Wietasch J.K.G., Hendriks H.G.D., T.W.L. Scheeren Br. J. Anaesth 2013 Jun;110(6):940-6. Br. J. Anaesth. January 2013
 
Perfusion Index and its Dynamic Changes in Preterm Neonates with Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Vidal M., Ferragu F., Durand S., Baleine J., Batista-Novais A.R., Cambonie G. Acta Paediatr. 2012 Dec 13.
 
Increasing Heart Rate and Tidal Volume Increases Plethysmography Variability Index Values
Roeth N., Ball T., Atkins M., Bohannon W., Culp W., Johnston W. Crit Care Med 2012; 40(12): 267
abstract  
Prediction of fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Children Undergoing Neurosurgery
Byon H.J., Lim C.W., Lee J.H., Park Y. H., Kim H.S., Kim C.S., Kim J.T. BJA 2013 Apr;110(4):586-91.
 
A Pilot Study of the Pleth Variability Index as an Indicator of Volume-Responsive Hypotension in Newborn Infants during Surgery
Bagci S., Müller N., Müller A., Heydweiller A., Bartmann .P, Franz AR. J Anesth. 2013 Apr;27(2):192-8.
 
Insights into Fast-Track Colon Surgery: A Plea for a Tailored Program
Pellegrino L., Lois F., Remue C., Forget P., Crispin B., Leonard D., Jamart J., Kartheuser A. Surg Endosc.2013 Apr;27(4):1178-85.
 
Pleth Variability Index is a Weak Predictor of Fluid Responsiveness in Patients Receiving
Monnet X., Gue´rin L., Jozwiak M., Bataille A,. Julien F., Richard C., Teboul J.L. Br. J. Anaesth. 2013 Feb;110(2):207-13
 
Comparison between Pleth Variability Index and Arterial Pulse Pressure Variation in the Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
Bhismadev T.K., Riahi T., Bernard O., Sesay M., Maurette P., Nouette-Gaulain K., Proceedings of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, October 13, 2012. Washington DC. A908.
abstract  
Goal-Directed Fluid Optimization Based on Respiratory Variations in the Pulse Oximeter Plethysmographic Waveform during Moderate Risk Surgery
Thuraisingham D.A., Williams W., Ramsingh D., Le K., Lee C.K., Canales C., Cannesson M. Proceedings of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, October 13, 2012. Washington DC A847
abstract  
Perfusion Index and Plethysmographic Variability Index in Patients with Interscalene Nerve Catheters
Sebastiani A., Philippi L., Boehme S., Closhen D., Schmidtmann I., Scherhag A., Markstaller K., Engelhard K., Pestel G. Can J Anaesth. 2012 Dec;59(12):1095-101.
 
Detection of Dehydration by Using Volume Kinetics
Zdolsek J., Li Y., Hahn R.G. Anesth Analg. 2012 Oct;115(4):814-22
 
Noninvasive Monitoring by Photoplethysmography
Sahni R. Clin Perinatol. 2012 Sep;39(3):573-83.
 
Plethysmographic VariabilityIndex: Everywhere for Everyone?
Desgranges F.P., Desebbe O. Anaesthesia. 2012 Oct;67(10):1175-6; author reply 1176-7.
   
Use of Plethysmographic Variability Index Derived from the Masimo(®) Pulse Oximeter to Predict Fluid or Preload Responsiveness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Yin J.Y., Ho K.M. Anaesthesia. 2012 Jul;67(7):777-83.
 
Detection of Dehydration by Using Volume Kinetics
Zdolsek J, Li Y, Hahn RG. Anesth Analg. 2012 Oct;115(4):814-22.
 
Dynamic variables of fluid responsiveness during pneumoperitoneum and laparoscopic surgery
Høiseth L.Ø., Hoff I.E., Myre K., Landsverk S.A., Kirkebøen K.A. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2012 Jul;56(6):777-86.
 
Accuracy of Plethysmographic Indices as Predictors of Fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Sandroni C., Cavallaro F., Marano C., Falcone C., De Santis P., Antonelli M. Intensive Care Med. 2012 Sep;38(9):1429-37.
 
Pulse oximeter plethysmograph variation and its relationship to the arterial waveform in mechanically ventilated children.
Chandler J.R., Cooke E., Petersen C., Karlen W., Froese N., Lim J., Ansermino J.M. J Clin Monit Comput. 2012 Jun;26(3):145-51.
 
Prediction of Volume Responsiveness using Pleth Variability Index in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery after Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
Haas S., Trepte C., Hinteregger M., Fahje R., Sill B., Herich L., Reuter D.A. J Anesth. 2012 Oct;26(5):696-701.
 
In reply to: 'Is the pleth variability index a surrogate for pulse pressure variation in a pediatric population undergoing spine fusion’.
O'Reilly M. Paediatr Anaesth. 2013 Feb;23(2):206-7.
   
Is the Pleth Variability Index a Surrogate for Pulse Pressure Variation in a Pediatric Population Undergoing Spine Fusion?
Feldman J.M., Sussman E., Singh D., Friedman B.J. Paediatr Anaesth. 2012 Mar;22(3):250-5.
 
Monitoring of Pleth Variability Index in Seriously Injured Combat Casualties.
Bridges, E. Am J Crit Care 2012;21: Abs. RS30
 
External Pressure Applied on the Caval Vein and its Effects on Difference in Pulse Pressure (Dpp) and Pleth Variability Index (PVI).
Strys L.T., Closhen D., Fukui K., Günter H., Wilke W., Pestel G. EJA 2012; 29: May 2012 Supplement. Abs 643.
 
Plethysmographic Variability Index does not Predict Fluid Responsiveness in Cardiac Surgery Patients.
Fischer M.O., Rebet O., Lecrivain V., Gérard J.L., Hanouz J.L., Fellahi J.L. EJA 2012; 29: May 2012 Supplement. Abs 799.
 
The Increase of Vasomotor Tone Avoids the Ability to Predict Fluid Responsiveness of the Dynamic Preload Indicators
Bouchacourt J.P., Grignola J.C., Riva1 J. BJA 2012; 108 (S2): paper no. 1098.0
 
Low Tidal Volume Does Not Affect the Dynamic Indicators of Fluid Responsiveness
Bouchacourt J.P. BJA 108 (S2): paper no. 1094.0
 
Use of PVI for Guidance of Fluid Management during Major Abdominal Surgery
Lahner D., Kabon B., Muhlbacher J., Fleischmann E., Hetz H. BJA 108 (S2): paper no. 480.00
 
First Day of Life Reference Values for Pleth Variability Index in Spontaneously Breathing Term Newborns.
Latini G., Dipaola L., De Felice C. Neonatology. 2012;101(3):179-182.
 
Stroke Volume Variation and Pleth Variability Index to Predict Fluid Responsiveness during Resection of Primary Retroperitoneal Tumors in Hans Chinese
Fu Q., Mi W.D., Zhang H. Biosci Trends. 2012 Feb;6(1):38-43.
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The Effects of Epidural Anesthesia on Difference in Pulse Pressure (dPP) and Pleth Variability Index (PVI).
Fukui K., Latz B., Markstaller K., Ikeda M., Pestel G. Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A867.
 
Relationship between Differential Distribution of Blood Flow to Blocked or Unblocked Areas and the Extent of the Sensory Block in Spinal Anesthesia.
Imai E., Tanaka S., Kawamata T., Kawamata M. Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A667.
 
Can the Starting Pulse Oximeter-Derived Pleth Variability index (PVI) Predict Total Crystalloid Replacement during Isovolemic Hemodilution in Congenital Cardiac Surgery?
Naguib A.N., Winch P., Rice J., Tobias J. Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A207.
 
Changes in Stroke Volume Variation (SVV) and Pleth Variability Index (PVI) During Rapid Colloid Infusion.
Shimizu F., Hishinuma N., Shimizu S., Tanaka S., Kawamata M. Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A869.
 
The Effectiveness of Pleth Variability Index to Predict Hypotension Induced by Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Delivery.
Yoshioka M., Yamada, T., Miyake W., Tanaka K., Nishikawa K. Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A960.
 
Pleth Variability Index to Predict Fluid Responsiveness in Colorectal Surgery.
Hood J.A., Jonathan R., Wilson T. Anesth. Analg. 2011;113:1058–63.
 
Influence of the site of measurement on the ability of plethysmographic variability index to predict fluid responsiveness.
Desgranges F.P., Desebbe O., Ghazouani A., Gilbert K., Keller G., Chiari P., Robin J., Bastien O., Lehot J.J., Cannesson M. Br J Anaesth. 2011 Sep;107(3):329-35.
 
Impact of Skin Incision on the Pleth Variability Index.
Takeyama M, Matsunaga A, Kakihana Y, Masuda M, Kuniyoshi T, Kanmura Y. J Clin Monit Comput 2011 Aug;25(4):215-21.
 
Impact of Norepinephrine on the Relationship between Pleth Variability Index and Pulse Pressure Variations in ICU Adult Patients.
Biais M. , Cottenceau V., Petit L. , Masson F. , Cochard J.F., Sztark F. Critical Care 2011, 15:R168.
 
Non-invasive Prediction of Fluid Responsiveness in Infants Using Pleth Variability Index.
Renner J., Broch O., Gruenewald M., Scheewe J., Francksen H., Jung O., Steinfath M., Bein B. Anaesthesia. 2011 Jul;66(7):582-9.
 
Accuracy of the Pleth Variability Index to Predict Fluid Responsiveness Depends on the Perfusion Index.
Broch O., Bein B., Gruenewald M., Höcker J., Schöttler J., Meybohm P., Steinfath M., Renner J. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2011 Jul;55(6):686-93.
 
Predicting Fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Children under General Anaesthesia using Dynamic Parameters and Transthoracic Echocardiography.
Pereira de Souza Neto E., Grousson S., Duflo F., Ducreux C., Joly H., Convert J., Mottolese C., Dailler F., Cannesson M. Br J Anaesth. 2011 Jun;106(6):856-64.
 
Volume Responsiveness in Children, A Comparision of Static and Dynamic Indices.
Chandler J., Cooke E., Hosking M., Froesel N., Karlen W., Ansermino J. IARS 2011 Annual Meeting. S-200.
 
Plethysmography Variability Index: Comparison with Pulse Pressure Variation in Vascular Surgery.
Guinet P., Daviet L., Wodey E., Laviolle B., Ecoffey C. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2011; May:1284.
 
Difference Between Pleth Variability Index Obtained from the Finger and the Forehead.
Matsunaga A., Kakihana Y., Kuniyoshi T., Kumemura M., Uchida Y., Kanmura Y. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2011; May:1186.
 
What is the Best Site for Measuring the Pleth Variability Index (PVI) during a Surgery Procedure?
Pavlakovitch I., Desebbe O., Cannesson M., Bastien O., Lehot J.J. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2011; May:Abs 1306.
 
Pleth Variability Index Predicts Fluid Responsiveness in Critically Ill Patients.
Loupec T., Nanadoumgar H., Frasca D., Petitpas F., Laksiri L., Baudouin D., Debaene B., Dahyot-Fizelier C., Mimoz O. Crit Care Med. 2011 Feb;39(2):294-9.
 
The Ability of Pleth Variability Index to Predict Fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Patients under General Anaesthesia.
Cai Q.F., Mi W.D., Yuan W.X. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2010 Nov 1;48(21):1628-32. [Article in Chinese]
 
Goal-Directed Fluid Management Based on the Pulse Oximeter-Derived Pleth Variability Index Reduces Lactate Levels and Improves Fluid Management.
Forget P, Lois F, de Kock M. Anesth Analg. 2010 Oct;111(4):910-4.
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Pulse Oximetry Plethysmographic Waveform Changes during Cesarean Section under Spinal Anesthesia.
Chassard D., Chandesris V., Rhondali O. Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A1287.
 
Stroke Volume, Pulse Pressure, PVI and PI during Spontaneous Ventilation in a Model of Hypovolemia.
Hoiseth L.O., Hoff I.E., Hisdal J., Landsverk S., Kirkeboen K.A. Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Anesthesiologists. A576.
 
Crossing the Threshold To Give a Fluid Bolus; Do We All Agree? .
Koff M.D., Novak M.R., Richard K.M., Loftus R. W., Cannesson M. Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Society Anesthesiologists; A037.
 
Accuracy of Stroke Volume Variation Compared with Pleth Variability Index to Predict Fluid Responsiveness in Mechanically Ventilated Patients Undergoing Major Surgery.
Zimmermann M., Feibicke T., Keyl C., Prasser C., Moritz S., Graf B.M., Wiesenack C. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2010 Jun;27(6):555-61.
 
Pleth Variability Index Predicts Hypotension During Anesthesia Induction.
Tsuchiya M., Yamada T., Asada A. Acta Anesthesiol Scand. 2010 May;54(5):596-602.
 
Are Respiratory Induced Changes in Pulse Pressure and Pulse Oximeter Plethysmography Wave Amplitude Related in Ventilated Children?
Chandler J.R., Cooke E., Petersen C., Froese N., Lim J., Ansermino J. Anesth Analg. 2010; 110 (3):S-257.
 
The Ability of Pleth Variability Index to Predict the Hemodynamic Effects of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure in Mechanically Ventilated Patients Under General Anesthesia.
Desebbe O., Boucau C., Farhat F., Bastien O., Lehot J.J., Cannesson M. Anesth Analg. 2010 Mar 1;110(3):792-8.
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Pleth Variability Index Combined with Passive Leg Raising-Induced Pulse Pressure Variation to Detect Hypovolemia in Spontaneously Breathing Patients.
Schoonjans A., Forget P., Labriola L., Deneys V., Jadoul M., Pingaut I., De Kock M. Acta Anaesthesiol Belg. 2010;61(3):147-50.
 
The Change of Upper Limbs PVI in Spinal Block (The Comparison in High Spinal Block and Non-High Spinal Block).
Takeyama K., Yoshikawa M. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2009; 26 (Suppl 45): 3AP5-1.
 
Does the Pleth Variability Index Correlate with Stroke Volume Variation?
Kawashima Y., Shiraishi Y., Sato S. Eur J Anesthesiol 2009; (suppl 45): 3AP5-9.
 
Plethysmography Variability Index: A New Fluid Responsiveness Parameter.
Feissel M., Kalakhy R., Badie J., Robles G, Faller J., Teboul J.L. Critical Care 2009, 13(Suppl 1).
 
Effect of Preload Changes on Pleth Variability Index during Liver Transplants.
Lobo E., Niemann C., Talke P. Anesth Analg 2009; 108:S-171.
 
Impact of Lower Extremity Nerve Blockade on Oximeter Perfusion Index & Pleth Variability Index.
Allred D.V., Shah N.K., Estanol L. Anesthesiology 2008; 109: A1603.
 
Ability of Pleth Variability Index to Detect Preload Changes in Orthotopic Liver Transplant Patients.
Wray C., Buckley J., Kwan D., Maktabi T., Mahajan A. Anesthesiology 2008; 109 A1605.
 
Pleth Variability Index to Monitor the Respiratory Variations in the Pulse Oximeter Plethysmographic Waveform Amplitude and Predict Fluid Responsiveness in the Operating Theatre.
Cannesson M., Desebbe O., Rosamel P., Delannoy B., Robin J., Bastien O., Lehot J.J. Br J Anaesth. 2008 Aug;101(2):200-6.
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Does the Pleth Variability Index Indicate the Respiratory-Induced Variation in the Plethysmogram and Arterial Pressure Waveforms?
Cannesson M., Delannoy B., Morand A., Rosamel P., Attof Y., Bastien O., Lehot J.J. Anesth Analg. 2008 Apr;106(4):1189-94.
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Ability of Pleth Variability Index to Detect Hemodynamic Changes Induced by Passive Leg Raising in Spontaneously Breathing Volunteers
Keller G., Cassar E., Desebbe O., Lehot J.J., Cannesson M. Crit Care. 2008;12(2):R37.
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Use of Pleth Variability Index (PVI) to Detect Changes in Intrathoracic Pressure.
Goldstein M., Lopez M., Saesim D., Peverini R. Proceedings of the 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Respiratory Care. A1287.
 
Pulse Oximeter-Derived Pleth Variability Index is a Reliable Indicator of Cardiac Preload in Patients Undergoing Liver Transplantation.
Lee HC, Tsai YF, Tsai HI, Chung PC, Yu HP, Lee WC, Lin CC. Transplant Proc. 2016 May;48(4):10558.
 

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PLCO-000329/PLMM-10103A-0816